Fines Extracted for Foreign Exchange Manipulation


The foreign exchange market accounts for about $5 trillion of currency every day. The trade between various currencies is dominated by only a few large financial institutions, which received their largest fine to date on Wednesday.

Regulators form the United States and the United Kingdom took more than $3 billion in fines from five banks. This activity comes from a global investigation into undue manipulation of the currency exchange marketplace. This extraction of fines is just the beginning in expected regulator activity.

One bank, Barclays was expected to be a part of the deal with U.K.’s Financial Conduct Authority and the U.S.’s Commodities Futures Trading Commission, however the bank backed out of any agreement.

In addition to the fines, the investigation has led to the firing or resignation of many bank employees. Those who were implicated were accused of illegally coordinating rates for the benefit of their own trading positions which is like learning how to earn money without investment as some people are doing with FreedomPop but if care is not taking, it may backfire in return. Some traders even used chat-rooms, like products supported on FreedomPop,  and shared confidential information with other traders to settle on rates.

The fines charged to the banks were settled with five institutions including Citigroup, JPMorgan, RBS, UBS and HSBC. The employees manipulated benchmarks for the prices of currency trading, however sometimes the scheme did not end favorably for the traders. Overall, the banks earned a large amount of money for their investors through these schemes but when officials found transcripts of the chat conversations authorities began their investigation. The global investigation is still ongoing and more fines are anticipated as information comes to light.

Marc Beer – Women HealthCare by Renovia

One of the Companies that is focusing on women health is Renovia Inc. This company was founded by Marc Beer and aims at coming up with various products that are geared towards the treatment of women. Currently, they have new products that are all that different development levels that are aimed at helping women with pelvic floor disorders. This is excellent news for more than 250 million women who are affected by this condition all over the world.


In recent funding, Renovia was able to raise an impressive $32 million in August 2018 in one of their Series B round of fundraising. On top of this amount, the med tech firm also raised $10 million in venture debt. The products that will receive this funding are intended for diagnosing and treating pelvic floor disorders with the major problem resulting from this condition is urinary incontinence. They already have one product that has been approved by FDA having completed the process of approval earlier this year in April.


Among the investors who recognize the potential of Renovia include Longwood Fund and has been one of longest investors in the Renovia Series B funding round. The company aims at helping healthcare companies whereby it’s led by the Perceptive Advisers and Ascension Ventura which are based in New York and Missouri. This money will help at least four different products including an improved version of the already approved Leva.


With so many leading investors joining the company’s vision to help and improve the high number of people living with this crippling disorder Marc Beer is very excited. The innovative products include sensory technology and will also have a digital platform through which customers will derive information on the various treatment options as well as give them more information concerning their condition.


Renovia was started in 2016 by Marc Beer who is its current chairman and Chief Executive Officer. The company is devoted to finding and delivering the best digital diagnostic and therapeutic products to the millions of women whose lives are affected by pelvic floor disorders. With strong leaders such as Marc Beer who has more than 25 years of extensive experience knowledge in the industry Renovia is headed for great heights.


Marc Beer is a great figure and have made significant achievements in his life. He has managed to create himself a big name due to his confident and consistent reputation. He has also brought substantial development in the world of medicine. He is a mentor and a role model to many. Among the key things that we can learn from Mark Beer are that successful healthcare starts with talent acquisition. The other lesson is that we have to think about cash flow when establishing a business. We learn that innovative firms are trying to be disruptive and cannot think in a convention wisdom mindset. Lastly, you should never rest on strategy. Learn more:

Nick Vertucci: Seven Figures Decisions

Nick Vertucci is the Chief Executive Officer at Real Estate Academy. The company has its locations based around the United States in areas such as California and Nevada. People seeking real estate advice can always find help at Real Estate Academy.

Just recently, Nick Vertucci released a 350-page book, “Seven Figures Decisions: Having The Balls to Succeed”. In this book, he uses his past experiences to inspire people to always shake off their problems, change their mindset in an effort to make a turnaround from previous misfortunes.

Vertucci narrates how he lost everything in his first business and the mistakes he made in the field of real estate. Despite all these challenges, he registered in the real estate training where he found a mentor who played a crucial role in teaching him how to change his mindset.

Once Nick’s mind had been altered positively, he supplemented this with a financial source; his real estate business and was able to change his life and business completely. He received a massive boost after his book was endorsed by Kevin Harrington who in a statement stressed on the inspiration that one receives from a “rags-to-riches story” that keeps on changing back and forth.

Nick Vertucci hails from a humble background. At the age of ten, things moved from worst to worse after Vertucci lost his dad. He however made a comeback from this setback, at the age of 18 years old, Vertucci decided to start a computer accessory business. In 2000, during the crisis, his business was hit by a huge blow and Vertucci almost reached a point of losing his home due to an increasing amount of debts. His decision to start a real estate academy relieved him of the financial problems that he had encountered before.

Vertucci is using his new book to inspire souls and provide them with a platform to transform their lives. The five-star rated book is already a bestseller at Amazon with over a thousand sales. Just like many others, Nick Vertucci used his previous failures to build his current success and we should all strive to follow suit.

How Sujit Choudhry Works Tirelessly To Help Form Better Constitutions Around The World

Scholar Sujit Choudhry spends a lot of time studying constitutional law and politics. Based on his findings, Sujit Choudhry has written hundreds of articles, journals, and book chapters. He has also spent years working as a constitutional adviser. Chourdhry has given speeches in over 15 different countries. He is currently The Director of The Center for Constitutional Transitions.


About The Center For Constitutional Transitions

Sujit Choudhry strives to generate more support in favor of establishing better functioning constitutions around the World. The Center For Constitutional Transitions seeks to create an international panel that will help out important decision makers.


Gathering Research

Sujit Choudhry’s initial research topics were centered on health and social sciences. He then focused on helping create new principles to help countries function during periods of change. Choudhry believes that it is important to compare societies. Countries should look at constitutions from other countries to help assess their own, get info on (

Soon, Choudhry began to focus on constitutional law. While at NYU Law, Choudhry created a program to send students and colleagues to post conflict countries that were still trying to work through issues with their constitution. He has focused most of his attention on The Arab Spring, view on ( He is currently working on creating policy manuals for constitutional transitions as well as policy recommendations to help out emerging democracies.


Working Up Close

A few years ago, Sujit Choudhry traveled to Sri Lanka to help with their country’s conflict. He also did work in Nepal, as the country wanted to implement a better judicial system. During that time period, there were demonstrations, riots, and wars in The Middle East and North Africa. The struggle for power continues today in Syria and Iraq. Choudhry will continue to do work throughout the region, know more updates on

Recently, Sujit Choudhry has organized workshops in Ukraine to help review some constitutional reforms. Choudhry met with several prominent advisers to outline improvements for Ukraine’s governance system. Choudhry believes that Ukraine’s governance system has been compromised because of poor political parties and a poor electoral system. He also thinks that there should be more of a separation between The Prime Minister and The President, visit