The world’s economic situation is going through a monumental change, according to economists. The wealthy and powerful nations are not as important on the world’s economic stage thanks to China and other Asian countries. But Asia is not the only fly in the economic ointment. Brazil, Mexico, South Africa, and India are also playing a role in the declining importance of wealthy nations on the world’s economic stage. Emerging countries are more important because they can produce products that cost less. Plus, there is a population explosion in emerging markets.
Economic convergence is the result of technological advancements in emerging markets. Technology is playing a major role in the shift of economic power. And according to Northwestern University’s social science Professor, Robert Gordon the U.S. economy is not as productive as was during the years between 1920 and 1970. The United States had productivity growth from 1994 to 2014 thanks to the Internet, but that productivity is ancient history, according to Professor Gordon.
So what is the prognosis for the world’s economy? One thing is sure. Globalization is not breaking down. It is reshaping itself. By the year 2022, economic output in Asia will be the same as the output in the wealthy Western countries. China’s share of the world’s economic output will jump to more than 20 percent, and India’s output could jump by more than 10 percent by 2022.
The other factor that will shift economic power to emerging markets in Asia is population growth. The share of the world’s population in the wealthy Western countries went from 27 percent in the 1950s to 15 percent in 2015. China’s share is 19 percent, and India’s share will be more than any other country, by the end of 2025. African countries will also increase their population share over the next five years. Africa’s population share could be more than 20 percent by 2025.